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All India Coordinated Wheat and Barley Improvement Programme(AICW&BIP)
In India, the wheat research started in an organized manner more than hundred years ago after the joining of Sir Howards as the Imperial Botanist at Pusa (Bihar) in 1905. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (erstwhile Imperial Council of Agricultural Research) in 1929 became the main funding agency and promoter of wheat research in India and an important milestone in this process was created with the establishment of the All India Coordinated Wheat Improvement Project (AICWIP) in 1965 by the ICAR with its headquarters at IARI, New Delhi. The initiation of AICWIP resulted in the real breakthrough in productivity, occurred from introduction of semi-dwarf Mexican wheat which led to usher the Green Revolution in the country. This led the recognition of Indias Wheat programme as the largest and perhaps the most remarkable in the developing world by the Nobel Laureate Dr. N.E. Borlaug and his group at CIMMYT, Mexico. T he AICWIP was subsequently raised to the status of Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR) in 1978. DWR was later on shifted to its present location at Karnal in 1990. Wheat and barley projects were merged and renamed as the All India Coordinated Wheat & Barley Improvement Project (AICW&BIP) in 1997. By doing so, the ICAR formalised the establishment of a distinct institutional identity for wheat, the second most important cereal crop of the country.
Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR) through All India Coordinated Wheat and Barley Improvement Programme (AICWBIP) is coordinating multidisciplinary and multilocational testing of varietal, newly developed improved genotypes, crop management and crop protection technologies across the diverse ecosystems for increasing and stabilizing the wheat production. As a nodal agency for wheat research, DWR facilitates planning, exchange of experimental material, monitoring the field trials / nurseries, data compilation and documentation. At present 107 scientists from 30 funded centres and 174 scientists from 123 non-funded co-operating centres are carrying out the planned activities of different production conditions of the six agro-ecological zones. Research capabilities and facilities are being further strengthened through various network projects to enhance output of competent research centres under AICW&BIP.
In 2014 the Directorate of wheat research has been upgradede to an Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research (IIWBR -ICAR) by ICAR.